Beyond Diophantine Wannier diagrams: gap labelling for Bloch-Landau Hamiltonians
Spectral Methods in Mathematical Physics
15 April 14:00 - 15:00
Massimo Moscolari - Sapienza University of Rome
In 1978 Wannier discovered a Diophantine relation expressing the integrated density of states of a gapped group of bands of the Hofstadter Hamiltonian as a linear function of the magnetic field flux with integer slope. I will show how to extend this relation to a gap labelling theorem for any 2D Bloch-Landau Hamiltonian operator and to certain non-covariant systems having slowly varying magnetic fields. The integer slope will be interpreted as the Chern character of the projection onto the space of occupied states. This is based on a joint work with H. Cornean and D. Monaco.
Then, I will briefly discuss the relation between the Chern character and the existence of a localized generalized Wannier basis for the space of occupied states of a generic 2D gapped quantum system, this is a work in progress with G. Marcelli and G. Panati.
University of Zurich, UZH